This refers to the social skills involved in communication. A child needs to know how to interact in different situations and know what is acceptable and not acceptable.
This refers to the ability to remember information long enough to be able to use it.
This refers to the ability to speak without stuttering. We all have occasional dysfluencies in our speech but a child who stutters will have frequent dysfluencies.
This refers to the sound of the voice. A child with disordered vocal quality may speak with a hoarse or croaky voice, speak as though they have a blocked nose or speak with too much air coming through their nose.
This refers to skills that are needed before literacy can develop. For example, counting syllables, rhyming, and breaking words up into all their sounds.
This refers to the physical production of sounds. Difficulties with this area may include having trouble saying a variety of sounds, substituting one sound for another sound, or being very difficult to understand when talking.
This refers to use of language through the following areas:
Vocabulary: If a child has a reduced vocabulary or a difficulty retrieving words they will find it difficult to get their message across clearly and concisely.
Grammar: A child needs to use correct word endings such as plurals, past tense and pronouns (eg ‘he/she’).
Sentence structures: A child needs to use a range of different types of sentences that are needed for communication.
This refers to understanding of language through the following areas:
Following instructions: A child needs to be able to follow instructions of increasing length accurately.
Concepts: A child needs to understand what words mean.
Word classes: A child needs to understand how words can be categorised and how they relate to one another.