The spelling component consists of phonemic awareness or the knowledge that spoken words consist of individual sounds. It teaches phonograms, which are the printed symbols that represent speech sounds, through precise instruction in handwriting. Spelling also includes the dictation of high frequency words to help children use words correctly. Last of all it teaches the children the rules and concepts used in written language. This element is essential as it helps children to understand how the English language works.
The writing component consists of the children composing sentences where they apply spelling and language rules. After this skill has developed the children are required to write compositions of differing styles such as narrative or informative and stories or reports. This component is a benefit to children as it helps them learn to use high frequency correctly in context.
The reading component helps to foster literacy appreciation and allows the children to vary their reading rate and analyse purpose in different text structures. It also teaches children to develop mental actions to comprehend all types of print and to use these comprehension actions in different subjects. This component is essential to develop enjoyment of reading.
The Spalding Philosophy incorporates a child centred approach to foster physical and mental well-being. It also requires the teacher to set realistic but high expectations for the children. It promotes the development of higher level thinking by providing opportunities for analysis and evaluation. The philosophy uses direct, sequential and multisensory instruction. This ensures that each skill and concept is taught explicitly and in a logical order, using multiple modes of learning. This is important to enhance motivation and the ability to retain information.
This method will help to develop children’s skills in speech, spelling, writing, listening and reading comprehension.